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Jean Sibelius

Jean Sibelius

Country of origin: Finland
Birthday: December 8, 1865
Date of death: September 20, 1957

Upcoming Performances

Symphonie Nr. 3 C-Dur
Conductor: Michał Nesterowicz
Orchestra: Orkiestra Symfoniczna FŁ
March 1, 2024 | Lódz (Poland) , Filharmonii, Sala Koncertowa
Symphonie Nr. 3 C-Dur
Conductor: Hendrik Vestmann
Orchestra: Zagrebačka filharmonija
March 1, 2024 | Zagreb (Croatia) , Koncertna dvorana Vatroslava Lisinskog

About Jean Sibelius

Jean Sibelius, eigentlich Johan Julius Christian Sibelius, finnischer Komponist,
studierte Violine und u.a. bei Martin Wegelius (*1846, 1906) Komposition in Helsinki, in Berlin und bei Robert Fuchs (*1847, 1927) und Karl Goldmark in Wien und trat ab 1892 mit eigenen Kompositionen an die Öffentlichkeit. Besonders die sinfonische Dichtung »Kullervo« (1892), die stoffliche Motive aus dem finnischen Nationalepos »Kalevala« aufgreift, wurde als Beginn eines nationalromantisch geprägten Musikstils Finnlands begeistert aufgenommen. Es folgten weitere, von Geschichte, Natur, Mythologie und Volksdichtung Finnlands inspirierte Kompositionen sowie seine ersten beiden Sinfonien.
In einer zweiten Schaffensperiode (u.a. Violinkonzert, 3.Sinfonie) wandelte sich seine Musiksprache zu eher klassizistischer, autonom musikalischer Gestaltung mit einer Tendenz zur Einfachheit und Sparsamkeit der Mittel. Nach der kühnen, für die Zeit relativ modernen 4.Sinfonie (1911) erreichte er mit der 5.7.Sinfonie und der Tondichtung »Tapiola« (1926) einen Reifestil von starker Ausdrucksintensität und meisterhafter struktureller Formung oft aus wenigen motivischen Kerngedanken heraus. Sibelius, der seit 1897 eine staatliche Pension erhielt und seit 1904 in Järvenpää lebte, fand schon vor dem Ersten Weltkrieg in Europa und Amerika ungeteilte Anerkennung. Dennoch hat er nach 1929 nichts mehr komponiert.

Worklist

Chronology

8 December 1865
Born Johan Julius Christian Sibelius in Hämeenlinna (Finland)
1866
First piano lessons
1880
Violin lessons and first composition attempts
1885 - 1889
Studies music at the Helsinki Music Institute (today: Sibelius Academy): violin with Mitrofan Wasiljeff and music theory, harmony and counterpoint with Martin Wegelius
1886
Changes his first name to Jean
1888
Is supported by Ferruccio Busoni who becomes piano teacher at the Institute and encourages Sibelius to expand his composition activities
1889 – 1890
Studies with Albert Becker (counterpoint) at the Faculty of the Berlin Akademie der Künste
1890 - 1891
Studies with Robert Fuchs and Karl Goldmark at the Vienna Conservatoire
1892 – 1901
Teaches music theory and violin playing at the Helsinki Music Institute and at the Orchestra School of Robert Kajanus
1892
Marries Aino Järnefelt
1893
World premiere of the symphonic poem En Saga in Helsinki
1896
World premiere of the "Lemminkäinen Suite" in Helsinki
1897
Sibelius receives a life pension from the Finnish government which makes him financially independent.
1899
World premiere of Symphony No. 1 in E minor Op. 39 in Helsinki
1900
His daughter Kirsti dies of typhus. World premiere of the symphonic poem Finlandia Op. 26 in Helsinki Robert Kajanus' orchestra tour of Germany and France with works by Sibelius helps the composer to make his international breakthrough. Sibelius moves to Berlin for several months.
1902
World premiere of Symphony No. 2 in D major Op. 43 in Helsinki
1903
Meets the publisher Robert Lienau
1904
World premiere of the Violin Concerto in D minor Op. 47 and of Valse triste, Op. 44 in Helsinki Moves to Järvenpää near Helsinki
1905
Successful concert tour in England World premiere of the incidental music of Pelléas et Mélisande in Helsinki Concludes author-publisher agreement with Robert Lienau in Berlin
1906
World premiere of the symphonic fantasy Pohjola's Daughter in Sankt Petersburg
1907
World premiere of Symphony No. 3 in C major Op. 52 in Helsinki
1908
World premiere of the Svanehvit Suite in Helsinki
1909
Tour of Great Britain with his own works World premiere of the string quartet Voces intimae and of the symphonic poem Night Ride and Sunrise Op. 55 in Sankt Petersburg
1911
World premiere of Symphony No. 4 in A minor Op. 63 in Helsinki
1914
Successful concert tour to New York including the world premiere of the symphonic poem The Oceanides at the Norfolk Music Festival Receives an honorary doctorate from the universities of Yale and Helsinki
1915
World premiere of Symphony No. 5 in E flat major Op. 82 in Helsinki
1923
World premiere of Symphony No. 6 in D minor Op. 104 in Helsinki
1924
World premiere of Symphony No. 7 in D minor Op. 105 in Stockholm
1925
Receives pension from the State of Finland World premiere of the symphonic poem Tapiola Op. 112
1929
Reduces his work as a composer Honorary member of the Londoner Royal Philharmonic Society
1941
Elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences
1945
Sibelius destroys the manuscripts of his Eighth Symphony after having worked on it for many years.
1957
Dies in Järvenpää on 20 September

Products

Performances

Set Descending Direction
  • Symphony No. 3 in C major
    Conductor: Michał Nesterowicz
    Orchestra: Orkiestra Symfoniczna FŁ
    March 1, 2024 | Lódz (Poland) , Filharmonii, Sala Koncertowa
  • Symphony No. 3 in C major
    Conductor: Hendrik Vestmann
    Orchestra: Zagrebačka filharmonija
    March 1, 2024 | Zagreb (Croatia) , Koncertna dvorana Vatroslava Lisinskog
  • Symphony No. 3 in C major
    Conductor: Robert Hodge
    Orchestra: Essex Symphony Orchestra
    March 2, 2024 | Chelmsford (United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland) , Christ Church
  • Violin Concerto in D minor
    Orchestra: Royal Tunbridge Wells Symphony Orchestra
    March 3, 2024 | Royal Tunbridge Wells (United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland) , Assembly Hall Theatre
  • String Quartet D minor
    March 6, 2024 | München (Germany) , Herkulessaal
  • Pelléas et Mélisande
    Conductor: Roman Blum
    Orchestra: Sinfonia Baden
    March 9, 2024 | Baden (Switzerland) , Aula Martinsberg
  • Violin Concerto in D minor
    Conductor: Chanmin Chung
    Orchestra: Sinfonieorchester Aachen
    March 9, 2024 | Aachen (Germany) , Rheinisch-Westfälische Technische Hochschule, Aula
  • Symphony No. 3 in C major
    Conductor: Michał Nesterowicz
    Orchestra: Narodowa Orkiestra Symfoniczna Polskiego Radia w Katowicach (Polish National Radio Symphony Orchestra Katowice)
    March 10, 2024 | Katowice (Poland) , NOSPR, Sala koncertowa
  • Violin Concerto in D minor
    Conductor: Daniel Hogan
    Orchestra: Kew Sinfonia
    March 16, 2024 | London (United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland) , St Anne's Church, Kew Green
  • Violin Concerto in D minor
    Conductor: Kirill Petrenko
    Orchestra: Berliner Philharmoniker
    March 29, 2024 | Baden-Baden (Germany) , Festspielhaus
  • Violin Concerto in D minor
    Conductor: Kirill Petrenko
    Orchestra: Berliner Philharmoniker
    April 1, 2024 | Baden-Baden (Germany) , Festspielhaus
  • Symphony No. 3 in C major
    Conductor: Matthew Halls
    Orchestra: Eesti Riiklik Sümfooniaorkester (Estonian National Symphony Orchestra)
    April 5, 2024 | Tallinn (Estonia) , Estonia Kontserdisaal
  • Violin Concerto in D minor
    Conductor: James Kahane
    Orchestra: Polyteknikkojen Orkesteri
    April 5, 2024 | Kauniainen (Finland) , Uusi Paviljonki
  • Violin Concerto in D minor
    Conductor: Dalia Stasevska
    Orchestra: Sibelius Academy Symphony Orchestra; The Royal College of Music Orchestra
    April 6, 2024 | Helsinki (Finland) , Musiikkitalo, Konserttisali
  • Violin Concerto in D minor
    Conductor: James Kahane
    Orchestra: Polyteknikkojen Orkesteri
    April 6, 2024 | Espoo (Finland) , Espoonlahden kirkko
  • Violin Concerto in D minor
    Conductor: Kristiina Poska
    Orchestra: Stavanger Symfoniorkester
    April 11, 2024 | Stavanger (Norway) , Konserthus
  • Violin Concerto in D minor
    Conductor: France Mikko Franck
    Orchestra: Orchestre Philharmonique de Radio France
    April 11, 2024 | Paris (France) , Maison de la Radio et de la Musique, Auditorium
  • Symphony No. 3 in C major
    Conductor: France Mikko Franck
    Orchestra: Orchestre Philharmonique de Radio France
    April 11, 2024 | Paris (France) , Maison de la Radio et de la Musique, Auditorium
  • Violin Concerto in D minor
    Conductor: Alexandre Bloch
    Orchestra: Orchestre National de Lille
    April 11, 2024 | Lille (France) , Nouveau Siècle
  • Set Descending Direction