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Richard Wagner

Richard Wagner

Country of origin: Germany
Birthday: May 22, 1813
Date of death: February 13, 1883

Upcoming Performances

Siegfried
Siegfried
Conductor: Lars Ole Mathiasen
Orchestra: Sønderjyllands Symfoniorkester
August 21, 2022 | Esbjerg (Denmark) , Musikhuset — Premiere
Der fliegende Holländer
Der fliegende Holländer
Conductor: Ekkehard Klemm
Orchestra: Elbland Philharmonie Sachsen
August 21, 2022 | Rathen (Germany) , Felsenbühne Rathen — Premiere

About Richard Wagner

The childhood of Richard Wagner (born on 22 May 1813) was divided between Dresden and Leipzig, where he had his first composition lessons in 1831/32 from Christian Theodor Weinlig, cantor at the Thomasschule. In 1833 he became chorus master at the Würzburg theatre. Later he held brief appointments as music director at theatres in Bad Lauchstädt, Magdeburg, and Königsberg, where he married the actress Minna Planer in 1836.
 A conducting engagement took him to Riga in 1837, but in 1839 Wagner and Minna left Riga and his creditors under cover of night, heading for Paris over the stormy Baltic Sea. There he remained for three hard years, completing Rienzi (1840). His years in Paris turned into a bitterly disappointing experience. He eked out something less than a living by doing musical hack-work and writing articles. His first success with Rienzi in Dresden in 1842 led to his appointment as musical director (Hofkapellmeister) at Dresden in 1843, and shortly afterwards Der fliegende Holländer as well as his innovative Tannhäuser were performed for the first time. Some of his outstanding achievements were a performance of Beethoven’s Ninth Symphony and his revised version of Gluck’s Iphigenie in Aulis.
In May 1849, having taken part in the revolt in Saxony, Wagner had to flee abroad, and after failing to establish himself as opera composer in Paris he settled with his wife in Zurich in 1857. They lived in a house on the Wesendonck estate under the patronage of the financier Otto von Wesendonck. While in Zurich he published various theoretical writings and composed Das Rheingold, Die Walküre and two acts of the opera Siegfried. While working on the Ring cycle, Wagner had fallen in love with Mathilde Wesendonck, the wife of his wealthy patron. The Ring Cycle work was interrupted in 1857 and not continued until 12 years later. He shifted his interest to a new subject, the love tragedy Tristan und Isolde. In an untenable situation in 1858 he moved first to Venice, then to Lucerne, Paris and Vienna.
Although he was composing what would become some of the most famous pieces in music history, Wagner struggled financially until 1864, when Ludwig II of Bavaria called him to Munich and began supporting him. So, in 1865 Tristan und Isolde and in 1868 Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg were premiered in Munich. Already by 1866 Wagner had fallen into disfavour amongst members of the court, who were suspicious of his influence on the king. He left Munich and went to Tribschen (near Lucerne), where he married Cosima von Bülow in 1870, the daughter of his friend Franz Liszt, who always supported him humanly and artistically. Around that time Die Meistersinger was finished, and he worked steadily at the unfinished portion of Der Ring des Nibelungen and further evolved the intellectual framework for his towering mature masterpieces.
In 1872 Wagner, his wife and the three children Isolde, Eva and Siegfried settled in Bayreuth. Wagner was anxious to have a special Festival Theatre for the complete cycle and spent much energy trying to raise money for it. Finally, King Ludwig II provided the necessary support. In 1872 the cornerstone was laid on Bayreuth’s Green Hill and the opera house was built to his personal specifications and suited to the massive fusion of music, staging, text, and scene design that his later operas entailed. The first festival – an artistic triumph but a financial disaster – was held there in 1876, when the complete Ring was given conducted by Hans Richter. In 1882 the second Bayreuth Festival took place with sixteen performances of Parsifal under Hermann Levi, which were financially successful. After that, Wagner and his family who had already spent the winter in Italy for some years, went to Venice where he died on 13 February 1883 of the heart trouble that had been with him for some years.

Products

Performances

Set Descending Direction
  • Siegfried
    Siegfried
    Conductor: Lars Ole Mathiasen
    Orchestra: Sønderjyllands Symfoniorkester
    August 21, 2022 | Esbjerg (Denmark) , Musikhuset — Premiere
  • Der fliegende Holländer
    Der fliegende Holländer
    Conductor: Ekkehard Klemm
    Orchestra: Elbland Philharmonie Sachsen
    August 21, 2022 | Rathen (Germany) , Felsenbühne Rathen — Premiere
  • Der fliegende Holländer
    Der fliegende Holländer
    Conductor: Ekkehard Klemm
    Orchestra: Elbland Philharmonie Sachsen
    August 23, 2022 | Rathen (Germany) , Felsenbühne Rathen
  • Siegfried
    Siegfried
    Conductor: Lars Ole Mathiasen
    Orchestra: Sønderjyllands Symfoniorkester
    August 24, 2022 | Esbjerg (Denmark) , Musikhuset
  • Der fliegende Holländer
    Der fliegende Holländer
    Conductor: Ekkehard Klemm
    Orchestra: Elbland Philharmonie Sachsen
    August 24, 2022 | Rathen (Germany) , Felsenbühne Rathen
  • Die Walküre
    Die Walküre
    Conductor: Hannu Lintu
    August 26, 2022 | Helsinki (Finland) , Finnish National Opera — Premiere
  • Der fliegende Holländer
    Der fliegende Holländer
    Conductor: Ekkehard Klemm
    Orchestra: Elbland Philharmonie Sachsen
    August 26, 2022 | Rathen (Germany) , Felsenbühne Rathen
  • Siegfried
    Siegfried
    Conductor: Lars Ole Mathiasen
    Orchestra: Sønderjyllands Symfoniorkester
    August 27, 2022 | Esbjerg (Denmark) , Musikhuset
  • Der fliegende Holländer
    Der fliegende Holländer
    Conductor: Ekkehard Klemm
    Orchestra: Elbland Philharmonie Sachsen
    August 27, 2022 | Rathen (Germany) , Felsenbühne Rathen
  • Tristan und Isolde
    Tristan und Isolde
    Conductor: Mikko Franck
    Orchestra: Orchestre Philharmonique de Radio France
    August 27, 2022 | La Côte-Saint-André (France) , Cour du Château Louis XI
  • Die Walküre
    Die Walküre
    Conductor: Hannu Lintu
    August 29, 2022 | Helsinki (Finland) , Finnish National Opera
  • Die Walküre
    Die Walküre
    Conductor: Hannu Lintu
    September 1, 2022 | Helsinki (Finland) , Finnish National Opera
  • Der fliegende Holländer
    Der fliegende Holländer
    Conductor: Ekkehard Klemm
    Orchestra: Elbland Philharmonie Sachsen
    September 1, 2022 | Rathen (Germany) , Felsenbühne Rathen
  • Der fliegende Holländer
    Der fliegende Holländer
    Conductor: Ekkehard Klemm
    Orchestra: Elbland Philharmonie Sachsen
    September 2, 2022 | Rathen (Germany) , Felsenbühne Rathen
  • Der fliegende Holländer
    Der fliegende Holländer
    Conductor: Ekkehard Klemm
    Orchestra: Elbland Philharmonie Sachsen
    September 4, 2022 | Rathen (Germany) , Felsenbühne Rathen
  • Die Walküre
    Die Walküre
    Conductor: Hannu Lintu
    September 6, 2022 | Helsinki (Finland) , Finnish National Opera
  • Tristan und Isolde
    Tristan und Isolde
    Conductor: Susanna Mälkki
    September 7, 2022 | Helsinki (Finland) , Musiikkitalo
  • Tristan und Isolde
    Tristan und Isolde
    Conductor: Susanna Mälkki
    September 8, 2022 | Helsinki (Finland) , Musiikkitalo
  • Der Ring ohne Worte
    Der Ring ohne Worte
    Conductor: Philippe Auguin
    Orchestra: Turun Filharmoninen Orkesteri
    September 8, 2022 | Turku (Finland) , Turun konserttitalo
  • Die Walküre (WWV 86 B)
    Die Walküre (WWV 86 B)
    Conductor: Fabien Gabel
    Orchestra: Malmö SymfoniOrkester
    September 8, 2022 | Malmö (Sweden) , Malmö Live Konserthus
  • Set Descending Direction
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