Toru Takemitsu

Toru Takemitsu

Born: October 8th, 1930
Died: February 20th, 1996
Country of origin: Japan

Upcoming:

How slow the Wind
Conductor: Serge Baudo
December 5th, 2014 | Opéra - Toulon - France

Night Signal
Conductor: Christian Lindberg
December 7th, 2014 | Opernhaus - Zürich - Switzerland

Chronology

1930
Born on October 8 in Tokyo. One month later, taken to Dalian, China, where his father works.
1937
Returns to Japan and enters Fujimae Elementary School in Hongo, Tokyo.
1943
Enters Keika Junior High School
1948
Studies music composition with Yasuji Kiyose, but mainly teaches himself how to compose.
1950
On December 7, makes his debut at the age of 20 with Lento in due movimento for piano, performed by Haruko Fujita at the 7th concert of Shin Sakkyoku-ha Kyokai (Association of New School of Composition) in Tokyo. The work is dismissed by music critic Ginji Yamane as "not yet music".
1951
In September, with other composers, painters, performers and poets organizes a group supporting collective activities among the arts, Jikken-Kobo (Experimental Workshop), named by poet/critic Shuzo Takiguchi.
1956
In June, composes music for the film "Kurutta Kajitsu" (Crazy Fruits) directed by Yasushi Nakahira. Throughout his life Takemitsu contributed scores for more than 90 films and received numerous domestic and international awards for his film music.
1957
On June 20, the first performance of Requiem for Strings by the Tokyo Symphonie Orchestra under the baton of Hitoshi Ueda, a commission from the orchestra. The work is acclaimed by Igor Stravinsky, who comes to Japan two years later.
1958
In August, awarded First Prize at the Competition for Contemporary Music Composition of the 2nd Festival of Contemporary Music in Karuisawa, organized by the Institute of Twentieth Century Music, for Le Son Calligraphié I
1958
Wins Prix Italia at the Broadcasting Competition in Italy for Tableau Noir for speaker and chamber orchestra, a commission from NHK Radio.
1958
Awarded Incentive Prize at the Japan Art Festival for Solitude Sonore for orchestra, a commission from NHK Radio.
1960
In September, awarded German Ambassador´s Prize at the 1st Tokyo Contemporary Music Festival, for REQUIEM FOR STRINGS.
1961
In August, wins German Ambassador´s Prize at the 4th Festival of Contemporary Music in Osaka, for RING for flute, terz guitar and lute.
1962
In March, with Toshiro Mayuzumi, Toshi Ichiyanagi and Yuji Takahashi presents his scores written with graphical notation, including CORONA II for strings, at Graphic Score Exhibition at the Tokyo Art Gallery.
1963

In June, awarded 5th Prize of the UNESCO/IMC (International Music Council) International Rostrum of Composers in Paris, for CORAL ISLAND for Soprano and orchestra, a commission from Bunka Hoso Radio.

1964
In May, publishes privately a cellection of his essays, "Toru Takemitsu 1930 - ..."
1965
In June, wins Prize for Top Excellence in the Year 1965 at the UNESCO/IMC International Rostrum of Composers, in Paris, for TEXTURES for piano and orchestra, a commission from NHK Symphony Orchestra for the Tokyo Olympic Art Exhibition Concert.
1966
In November, awarded Grand Prize of the Japan Art Festival for a 4-disc set of  "Works of Toru Takemitsu", released by Nippon Victor.
1967
In November, the first performance is given of NOVEMBER STEPS for biwa, shakuhachi and orchestra, a commission from the New York Philharmonic for its 125th anniversary, by Kinshi Tsuruta, Katsuya Yokoyama and the Orchestra under the baton of Seiji Ozawa.
1967
Awarded Prize of the Music Crirics on the West Coast for Dorian Horizon
1969
In October, Composer-in-Residence at Canberra Spring Festival of Musica Viva, Australia.
1970
Beginning in March, desings several concerts, including the "Music Today" series, and symposiums as artistic director of the space Theater or Steel Pavilion at Osaka Expo `70.
1971
In August, Composer-in-Residence at the Marlboro Music School and Festival.
1972
Visits Festival International d´Art Contemporain de Royan for the first performance of Gémeaux (first movement), a commission from l`Office de Radiodiffusion-Télévision Française (ORTF), which was to have been performed by Jean-Claude Malgoire on oboe and Vinko Globokar on trombone, and conducted by Gilbert Amy and Michael Tabachnik with Orchestre Philharmonique de  L`ORTF.
1972
In February, Guest Composer at the contemporary music series, "The Encounters", of the California Institute of Technology.
1973
In May, Composer-in-Residence at the London Music Digest.
1973
In August, publishes privately a novel Kotsugetsu - aruiwa ´a honey moon` (Bone Moon, or ´a honeymoon`).
1973
On October 30, In an Autumn Garden for gagaku orchestra, a commission from the National Theatre in Tokyo, is given its first performance by Kunaicho-Shikibushoku-Gakubu (Gagaku Orchestra of the Imperial Household Agency).
1973
Visiting Professor at Harvard University.
1975
In January, Visiting Professor of Music Composition at Yale University.
1975
Receives the Sanford Prize from the Yale University
1975
In February, Guest Composer at the New Music Concerts in Toronto
1975
In March, Guest Composer at "Meet the Moderns" series of the Brooklyn Philharmonia, directed by Lukas Foss.
1975
Awarded Grand Prize of the Japan Art Festival for Quatrain for clarinet, violin, violoncello, piano and orchestra, a commission in celebration of the 200th broadcast of the radio program "TDK Original Concert" of FM Tokyo.
1976
In February, awarded Otaka Prize (for excellence in orchestral works of the year in Japan) for Quatrain.
1976
In March, Guest Composer-in-Residence at "Evenings for New Music" of the State University of New York at Buffalo.
1978
As artistic advisor for Festival d´Automne à Paris from October to December, designs 18 concerts of traditional and modern music of Japan in collaboration with an exhibition entitled "MA - Espace-temps au Japon", directed by the architect Arata Isozaki.
1979
In May, becomes an Honorary Member of Academie der Künste der DDR.
1980
In March, Composer-in-Residence at the Vancouver Festival of Contemporary Music. Serves as an adjudicator for the CBC (Canadian Broadcasting Corporation) National Radio Competition for Young Composers.
1980
In June, awarded Prize of the Japan Art Academy
1981
In January, awarded Otaka Prize for Far Calls. Coming Far! for violin and orchestra, a commission from Min-On Contemporary Music Composition Festival.
1981
Composer-in-Residence at the CalArts Contemporary Music Festival
1981
In September, Guest Composer at Berliner Festwochen "Japan in Berlin" at the invitation of DAAD
1981
In November, awarded the Mobil Music Prize
1983
In april, Guest Composer et the New Music Concerts in Toronto.

1983
In June, Composer-in-Residence at the Colorado Music Festival.
1984
In June, Composer-in-Resindence at the Aldeburgh Festival of Music and the Arts as the first resident composer for the festival.
1984
In July, elected Honorary Member of the American Academy and Institute of Arts and Letters.
1985
In January, awarded Asahi Prize.
1985
Composer in Residence der New Music Days des Banff Centre
1985
In May, awarded Ordre des Arts et des Lettres by the French Government
1985
Guest Composer at the Festival Pontino di Musica
1986
In January, Guest Composer at the Melbourne Summer Music Festival.
1986
In February, becomes an Honorary Member of the Academie des Beaux-Arts, France
1987
In February, awarded Los Angeles Film Critics Award for the musical score for the film "Ran" directed by Akira Kurosawa.

1987
Composer in Residence des Scotland’s Contemporary Music Festival in Glasgow In September, Composer-in-Residence at the Scotland´s Contemporary Music Festival, Musica Nova, Glasgow
1988
In April, Guest Composer at Voices of Change, Southern Methodist University, in Dallas.

1989
In October, awarded International Inter Design Grand Prize of the Japan Inter Design Conference
1989
Awarded the First Hida-Furukawa Musik Grand Prize.
1990
In May, Composer-in-Residence at the Stockholm New Music Festival
1990
Composer-in-Residence at the Leeds Festival of Music
1990
Composer-in-Residence at the Centre Acanthe / the Festival D´Avignon
1990
In December, awarded le Prix International Maurice Ravel
1991
In January, awarded Mainichi Newspaper Art Prize for recent works including Visions, a commission from the Chicago Symphony Orchestra to commemorate its 100th anniversary.
1991
Awarded Tokyo Citizen´s Honorary Award for Culture
1991
In May, awarded Suntory Music Prize
1991
In October, awarded the UNESCO/IMC Music Price
1991
In October, a concert series "1791-1891-1991" is held in Vienna in which Richard Stoltzmann performs as a soloist. The concert series is named for the years in which the three works were composed, Mozart´s Clarinet Concerto, Brahm´s Clarinet Quintet and Takemitsu´s Fantasma/Cantos for clarinet and orchestra, which was given its first performance in September in England.
1992
In April, Composer-in-Residence at "Seattle Spring" Festival, then a featured composer at Vancouver New Music.
1992
In November, Composer-in-Residence at The First 20th Century Music Masters given by the ISCM Polish Section, which organizes "Takemitsu Days" in Warsaw.
1993
Composes his first Hollywood score, for the film "Rising Sun", directed by Philip Kaufman.
1993
In May, Composer-in-Residence at the Takefu International Music Festival
1993
Composer in Residence at the Aldeburgh Festival of Music and the Arts
1993
In September, Composer-in-Residence at the Berliner Festwochen, the Berliner Festspiele
1993
In October, awarded the Japan Foundation Award
1993
In November, Composer-in-Residence at Wien Modern
1993
In December, becomes an Honorary Member of ISCM
1994

In January, becomes an Honorary Member of the Royal Academy of Music, England.

1994
In the same month, the Tokyo String Quartet recording of A Way A Lone is nominated the 36th Annual Grammy Awards, Best Classical Contemporary Composition.
1994
In March, awarded the Broadcast Cultural Award of NHK.
1994
In April, a documentary film, "Music for the Movies: Toru Takemitsu", directed by Charlotte Zwerin, focusing on his activities as film composer, is produced.
1994
In July, Composer-in-Residence at the Pacific Music Festival in Sapporo
1994
In October, awarded University of Louisville Grawemeyer Award for Music Composition for Fantasma/Cantos for clarinet and orchestra, a commission from BBC.
1995
In January, recording of Fantasma/Cantos by Richard Stoltzman and the BBC Welsh Symphony Orchestra conducted by Tadaaki Otaka is nominated fro the 37th Grammy Awards, Best Classical Contemporary Composition.
1995
In March, Featured Composer at the First CineMusic Festival, Gstaad
1995
Awarded with the Career Achievement Award of the Society for the Preservation of Film Music, Los Angeles.
1996
On January 29, AIR for flute, composed in commemoration of the 70th birthday of Aurèle Nicolet, is given its first performance by Yasukazu Uemura in Oberwil, Switzerland. This is to be the last musical work of Toru Takemitsu.

1996
In early February, while undergoing treatment in the hospital, he receives the news that he is to be awarded the Glenn Gould Prize of the year.