György Ligeti

György Ligeti

Born: May 28th, 1923
Died: June 12th, 2006
Country of origin: Hungary

Upcoming:

String Quartet No. 1
August 9th, 2014 | Fagus-Werk Alfeld, Fabrikhalle - Alfeld - Germany

Hamburg Concerto
Conductor: Michael Thompson
August 14th, 2014 | Imperial College - London - United Kingdom

Chronology

1923
Born 28 May in Dicsőszentmárton (now called Târnǎveni), Transylvania (Romania)
1941
Graduate from secondary school in Klausenburg (Transylvania)
1941-43
Study of composition with Ferenc Farkas at the Klausenburg Conservatory
1942-43
In between: studies with Pál Kadosa in Budapest
1945-49
Studies with Sándor Veress, Pál Járdányi, Ferenc Farkas and Lajos Bárdos at the Budapest Academy of Music
1946-47
"3 Songs" after Sandor Weöres
1950-56
Lecturer at the Budapest Academy of Music
1950-53
"Musica Ricercata" for piano
1953
"Six Bagatelles" for wind quintet
1953-54
String Quartet no.1: "Métarmorphoses nocturnes"
1955
A cappella choral music: " Night" and "Morning"
1956
Flees to Austria after the uprising in Hungary
1957-58
Free-lance work at the studio for electronic music of the West German Radio in Cologne
1958
"Artikulation", electronic composition
1958-59
"Apparitions" for orchestra
1959-69
Residence in Vienna
1959-72
Lecturer at the Darmstadt Music Courses
1960
World première of "Apparitions" on the occasion of the ISCM Festival in Cologne
1961-71
Visiting professor at the Stockholm Music Academy
1961
Composition course in Madrid
1961
"Atmosphères" for large orchestra
1961-62
"Volumina" for organ
1962
Composition course th the Gaudeamus Foundation in Bilthoven (Netherlands)
1962
"Poème Symphonique" for 100 metronomes
1962
"Aventures" for 3 singers and 7 instrumentalists
1962-65

"Nouvelles Aventures" for 3 singers and 7 instrumentalists

1963
Composition course in Bilthoven and at the Folkwangschule in Essen (Germany)
1963-65
"Requiem"
1964
Composition course at the Folkwangschule in Essen (Germany) and in Jyväskylä (Finnland)
1964
1st prize in the Composition Competition organized by the Internatioinal Society for Contemporary Music, Rome, for "Apparations"; Member of the Swedish Academy of Music, Stockholm
1965
Composition course in Jyväskylä
1965
Prize ot the Koussevitzky Foundation, Washington
1966
"Lux aeterna" for 16-part mixed choir a cappella; "Concerto for Cello and Orchestra"; Scenic version of "Aventures" and "Nouvelles Aventures"
1966
1st prize in the Composition Competition of the International Society for Contemporary Music, Rome, for "Requiem"
1967
"Lontano" for large orchestra – beginning of the collaboration with Schott
1967
First study for organ: "Harmonies"
1967
Becomes an Austrian citizen
1967
Beethoven Prize of the City of Bonn for "Requiem"; Medal of Honour awarded by the University of Helsinki
1968
"Continuum" for harpsichord; "String Quartet no. 2"; "Ten Pieces" for wind quintet
1968
Member of the Akademie der Künste, Berlin
1968-69
"Ramifications" für string orchestra or 12 solo strings
1969-73
Resindence in Berlin and Vienna
1969-70
Scholarship of the German Academic Exchange Organization (DAAD), Berlin
1969
Second study for organ "Coulée"
1969
Honorary member of the Musikverein für Steiermark;
1st prize in the International UNESCO Competition for "Lontano"
1969-70
"Chamber Concerto" for 13 instrumentalists
1971
"Melodien" for orchestra
1971
Member of the Freie Akademie der Künste, Hamburg
1972
"Double Concerto" for flute, oboe and orchestra
1972
Composer in residence at Stanford University, California
1972
Berliner Kunstpreis (awarded by the Akademie der Künste, Berlin)
1972-73
"Clocks and Clouds" for 12-part female choir and orchestra
1973-89
Professor at the Hochschule für Musik und darstellende Kunst Hamburg
since 1973
Residence in Hamburg and Vienna
1973
Composition course at the Berkshire Music Center in Tanglewood (Massachusetts)
1973-74
"San Francisco Polyphony" for orchestra
1974
Composition Course at the Accademia Chigiana in Siena
1974-77
"Le Grand Macabre", opera in 2 acts (4 scenes)
1975
Member of the Orden Pour le mérite for Sciences and Arts, Bonn; Bach Prize awarded by the City of Hamburg
1976
"Monument, Selbstportrait, Bewegung", 3 pieces for 2 pianos
1978
"Hungarian Rock" for harpsichord; "Passacaglia ungherese" for harpsichord

1978
12 April: World première of "Le Grand Macabre" in Stockholm; 15 October: First German performance of "Le Grand Macabre" in Hamburg
1978
Member of the Bayerische Akademie der Schönen Künste, Munich
1979
First Italian performance of "Le Grand Macabre" in Bologna; Composition course in Aix-en-Provence
1981
First French performance of "Le Grand Macabre" in Paris
1982

"Trio" for violin, horn and piano; "Drei Phantasien" for 16-part mixed choir a cappella; First English performance of "Le Grand Macabre" at the English National Opera in London

1983
"Magyar Etüdök" (Hungarian studies) for mixed choir a cappella
1984
Honorary member of the American Academy and Institute of Arts and Letters; Prix Ravel, Paris; Béla Bartók-Ditta Pásztory Prize, Budapest; Honorary member of the International Society for New Music
1985
"Études pour piano" premier livre
1985
Prix Arthur Honegger – Chevillion Bonnaud, Paris
1985-88
"Concerto for Piano and Orchestra"
1986
Grawemeyer Award, Louisville (Kentucky)
1987
Honorary Distinction for Science and Arts (Ehrenzeichen für Wissenschaft und Kunst) of the Republic of Austria; Honorary Ring (Ehrenring) of the City of Vienna
1988
"Nonsense Madrigals" No. 1-4 for 6 male voices a cappella
1988
Honorary doctorate of the University of Hamburg; Commandeur in the Ordre National des Arts et Lettres, Paris; Composition Prize of the Fondation Prince Pierre de Monaco
1989
"Études pour piano" deuxième livre, No. 7 and 8; "Nonsense Madrigals" No. 5
1989
Honorary member of the Hochschule für Musik und darstellende Kunst of Graz
1990
"Études pour piano" deuxième livre, No. 9; "Concerto for Violin and Orchestra" 1st version (three movements)
1990
Honorary member of the Freie Akademie der Künste of Hamburg; Honorary member of the Austrian Association of Composers; Goethe Medal of the Goethe Institute in Munich; The "Leonie Sonnings" Music Prize, Copenhagen; Honorary member of the Accademia Nazionale di Santa Cecilia, Rome; Grand Austrian State Prize (Großer Österreichischer Staatspreis); Member of the Austrian Art Senate (Österreichischer Kunstsenat); Corresponding member of the Real Academia de Bellas Artes, Granada
1991
"Loop" for viola solo
1991
Honorary member of the Royal Philharmonic Society, London; Praemium Imperiale, Tokyo; Music Prize of the Balzan Foundation, Bern-Milan
1992
"Concerto for Violin and Orchestra" final version (five movements); "Facsar" for viola solo
1992
Honorary member of the Royal Academy of Music, London; Member of the Hungarian Academy of Letters and Arts (Széchenyi Iroldami és Művészeti Akadémia)
1993
"Études pour piano" deuxième livre, No. 12-14 A; "Nonsense Madrigals" No. 6
1993
Honorary Doctorate of the New England Conservatory, Boston; Ernst von Siemens Music Prize; Music Prize of the Kaske Foundation; Middle Cross of the Distinguished Service Medal of the Hungarian Republic  (A Magyar Köztársasági Érdemrend középkeresztje); Prize of the City of Vienna; Full Member of the European Academy of Sciences and Arts (Academia Scientiarum et Artium Europaea)
1994
"Sonata for viola solo"; "Études pour piano" deuxième livre, No. 10 and 11
1994
Member of the Club of Budapest
1995
"Études pour piano" troisième livre, No. 15
1995
Foreign honorary member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences; The "Rolf Schock" Music Prize of the Royal Swedish Academy of Music, Stockholm
1996
"Pièce électronique No. 3" (1957/58, 1996); "Le Grand Macabre" new version
1996
Music Prize of the Wolf Foundation Jerusalem; UNESCO-IMC (International Music Council)-Music Prize; "Associé étranger" of the Académie Royale de Belgique
1997
World première of the new version of "Le Grand Macabre" in Salzburg; "Études pour piano" troisième livre, No. 16
1997
Honorary member of the Romanian Academy (Academia Româna)
1998
"Études pour piano" troisième livre, No. 17
1998
"Associé étranger" of the Académie des Beaux Arts, Paris
1998-99
"Hamburgisches Konzert" for horn and chamber orchestra
2000
"Síppal, doppal, nádihegedűvel" for mezzo soprano and four percussionists
2000
Sibelius Medal of the Jenny and Antti Wihuri Foundation, Helsinki; Commandeur de l´Ordre du Mérite Culturel de Monaco
2001
"Études pour piano" troisième livre, No. 18
2001
"The Royal Philharmonic Society Music Award for Achievement during 2000 for the Chamber-Scale Composition category" for "Síppal, doppal, nádihegedűvel"; Kyoto Prize of the Inamori Foundation
2003
Theodor W. Adorno Prize of the City of Frankfurt; Medal of Arts and Sciences of the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg; Kossuth Prize of the Hungarian State; Honorary member of the Konzerthausgesellschaft Vienna; Grand Prix du Président de la République de l'Académie Charles Cros
2004
Polar Music Prize of the Royal Swedish Academy of Music, Stockholm; ECHO Klassik Lifetime Achievement Award
2005

Frankfurt Music Prize

2006
Dies in Vienna on 12 June and is buried at the Vienna Central Cemetery (honorary grave)